People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (ID/DD) are much more likely to have encounters with law enforcement and first responders, yet are also more likely to have communication difficulties that can lead to misunderstandings, sometimes with tragic consequences. Following the death of Ethan Saylor in 2013, discussed below, NDSS played a key role in the passage of the a law enforcement training bill in Maryland, and has been working with other stakeholders and the US Department of Justice (DOJ) Community Relations Service to develop the new DOJ Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities Awareness Training for Law Enforcement. These materials will be released in the fall of 2016.
NDSS is also working on a piece of federal legislation to incentivize and promote law enforcement training focusing on people with developmental and intellectual disabilities. We expect this bill to be introduced in this Congress.
In addition, NDSS has formed an informal partnership with Growth Through Opportunity in Roanoke, Virginia. This program enables people with developmental and intellectual disabilities to volunteer with the police department enabling them to gain valuable employment skills while at the same time educating police officers about people with disabilities. NDSS is working to expand the Growth Through Opportunity program to other areas.
Ethan Saylor Alliance
Ethan Saylor, a 26-year-old man with Down syndrome, died tragically on January 12, 2013, while being forcibly removed and restained by off-duty Frederick County, Maryland, police officers at a movie theater. Ethan and his support staff had just watched a movie and Ethan wanted to watch it for a second time but had not purchased a second ticket. The confrontration happened when Ethan’s support person went to get the car.
The death of Ethan Saylor in Maryland spurred action at the local and state levels to review and develop state-of-the-art training programs, develop community and relationship-building efforts and, most importantly, include self-advocate educators in trainings across all sectors. On September 17, 2013, Maryland Governor Martin O’Malley issued an executive order establishing a new commission, the Effective Community Inclusion of Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. This Commission was tasked with evaluating the current training received by people that interact with the disability community and developing and issuing recommendations about the types of training standards the state should adopt to educate individuals in positions of authority, particularly those in public sector positions. This Commission was chaired by Dr. Tim Shriver, Chairman of Special Olympics, and included Sara Weir of NDSS. The Commission’s final report was issued in December 2015.
In February 2015, a bill (SB 853) was introduced in the Maryland State Senate to establish a training program for Maryland law enforcement named for Ethan Saylor. The bill passed in May 2015, establishing the Ethan Saylor Alliance for Self-Advocates as Educators in the Maryland Department of Disabilities with the goal of increasing training for members of law enforcement regarding the needs of those with developmental and intellectual disabilities. A key focus of the Saylor Alliance is having self-advocates take a central role in delivery of the training.
Law Enforcement Training Toolkit
NDSS played a key role in the passage of the Saylor Alliance bill in Maryland and has developed this toolkit to assist those who wish to bring a bill to their state legislature regarding law enforcement training related to the needs of people with developmental and intellectual disabilities.
Sample Testimony in Support of State Law Enforcement Training Bill
- NDSS Testimony in support of SB 853 in Maryland
- Sample testimony from parent of a child with Down syndrome
- Sample testimony from parent of an adult with Down syndrome
- Sample testimony from Down syndrome organization
- Sample testimony from an adult with Down syndrome
Examples of Training Programs
- Ethan Saylor Alliance in Maryland
- BE SAFE movie and curriculum
- Lesson Plan – People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and Law Enforcement by the Maryland Police and Correctional Training Commissions (PCTC) (January 2015)
- Training PowerPoint slides – People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and Law Enforcement by the Maryland Police and Correctional Training Commissions (PCTC) (January 2015)
Wandering (Elopement) - Kevin & Avonte's Law
Wandering (elopement) is a significant problem in the Down syndrome community, and can have tragic consequences. NDSS actively advocated for Kevin & Avonte’s Law (S 2614 / HR 4919), a bill named for two boys with autism who drowned after wandering. The bill was was introduced in the spring of 2016 and, although it passed the House on December 8, 2016, the bill did not pass in the Senate. The bill would have reauthorized the expired Missing Alzheimer’s Disease Patient Alert Program, and have included new provisions to support people with autism and other intellectual/developmental disabilities who wander. It would have allowed Department of Justice grants to be used by state and local law enforcement agencies to provide training programs with the goal of proactively preventing elopement (wandering), as well as to facilitate the development of emergency protocols for school personnel and first responders to track individuals who do elope. Grant funding could also have been used to establish or enhance notification and communications systems for the recovery of missing children with autism and other intellectual/developmental disabilities.
NDSS supported this legislation as it would have enhanced the safety of individuals with Down syndrome who wander and provided peace of mind to their families. NDSS submitted letters of support for the House and Senate versions of the bill and signed on to a letter of support as part of the Consortium for Citizens with Disabilities (CCD) Task Force on Developmental Disabilities, Autism, and Family Support. Click below to see these letters:
- NDSS letter of support for S 2614 (April 13, 2016)
- NDSS letter of support for HR 4919 (April 22, 2016)
- CCD letter of support to House sponsors of HR 4919 (September 6, 2016)
Thanks to all those who advocated for the passage of Kevin & Avonte’s Law. Although it did not pass during the 114th Congress, NDSS remains committed to working with law enforcement and getting them whatever tools they need to safely interact with and assist people with Down syndrome. We will seek another legislative vehicle to make needed changes to the law during the 115th Congress.